Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa was the son of Sultan Abu Al-Ma’ali Ahmad who was in power in 1640 AD – 1650 AD and grandson of Sultan Abdul Mufahir Mahmud Abdul Kadir who was in power in 1605 AD – 1640 AD He was one of the most meritorious ancestor.
When he was young, he was dubbed as Prince Surya. And after his father and grandfather passed away, he was appointed as the Sultan who held the title Sultan Abdul Fathi Abdul Fattah.
Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa has a very strong cultural and artistic hobby that he can play puppet wong and play a kind of dedication game. In addition, he is also known as a religious person.
In its time, Islamic Education experienced rapid progress with the presence of madrassas and other Islamic institutions, to be able to bring in teachers from Aceh, Arabia, and other regions.
The era of Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa was known as the peak period of indigenous resistance with the Dutch VOC. There was a lot of resistance to free themselves from Dutch colonialism.
Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa remained guerrilla against the Dutch VOC with the people until the last drop of blood when Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa was captured in 1683 by the Dutch and exiled until the end of his life.
There were several incidents that occurred during Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa’s office. His territory became one of the most respected by the Dutch colonials but was also the target of the territory they wanted to destroy immediately. The following are important events that occurred during his leadership.
Significant Events During the reign of Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa
As a Sultan trusted by the people, Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa has a firm character and is smarter in running the government. His desire to restore the glory of Banten was finally realized by advancing Banten’s trade and expanding the territory. And expel the Dutch from the city of Batavia. Because of that policy, Banten eventually became a very important trading port city in the Straits of Malacca and this event was an important event of the Sultan’s success.
In addition, the Sultan aspires to make the Kingdom of Banten the largest Islamic kingdom in the archipelago. All his successes and ideals were not liked by the VOC and then the VOC carried out a blockade.
But the Dutch business did not reap the rewards, even Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa was able to make Banten an open port. Because of repeated attempts at the blockade, the Dutch finally adopted a strategy of devide et impera (sheepfighting) to undermine the power of Sultan Ageng Titayasa.
This incident took place when the two sons of Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa grew up named Sultan Haji and Sultan Abdul Fathi. The Netherlands aims to incite Sultan Haji that the Sultan’s position will be handed over to Sultan Abdul Fathi, his younger brother.
Eventually there was a civil war in which in 1681 Sultan Haji took the coup of his own father, Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa. Next Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa devised a strategy to surround Sultan Haji, and to make Sultan Haji pressured.
Because of growing pressure, Sultan Haji asked for Dutch help and carried out an attack on the fort Tirtayasa to cause great losses from the Dutch. The struggle continued to be carried out by Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa until one day he was trapped in a ruse made by Sultan Haji and the Dutch. He was finally captured by the Dutch and jailed in the Netherlands until the end of his life. His guerrilla resistance became an unforgettable event in history.
Seeing important events in its history, the role of Sultan Ageng Titayasa was very large in advancing the wheels of his government. The roles performed inspired the sultans who served in the next period.